Insulin is often seens as an essential life saving hormones, especially for T1D. However for T2D, this could be a very different situation.
This 2011 post by Dr Majid Ali propose a model that draws on his clinical experience to describe the seven stages of insulin toxicity.
Dr Joseph Kraft – Image from Butter Makes Your Pants Falls Off
Dr Jason Fung Blog Post
All recognize that for T2D, treating Hyperinsulinemia, normalizing insulin levels thru carbs reduction and intermittent fasting is the key to enabling patients to reclaim their health.